rabbi


rabbi
In 1st-cent. CE Palestine in the time of Jesus the word was a form of address, equivalent to ‘sir’ but by the end of the century and in rabbinic literature it is used for a teacher, and this development is reflected in the usage in the four gospels.
The word occurs in Mark (9:5; 11:21; 14:45) as a polite, even reverential, form of address when spoken by Peter. In Mark 10:51 the form Rabbouni (NRSV marg.) is used by the blind man who then follows Jesus ‘on the way’. There is a suggestion of the greatness of Jesus.
In Matt. only Judas addresses Jesus with this greeting and the sense is plainly hostile (26:25, 49). For in this gospel rabbis are among the adversaries of Jesus and they are painted in unfriendly colours: they like to receive deferential treatment and to be called ‘sir’ and they are assuming the role of teachers (23:8) of the Law. Matt. keeps Jesus at a distance from them; he is not to be associated with them and the hateful Pharisees, and his disciples are forbidden to arrogate to themselves the title (23:8).
The word is not found in Luke, but it is quite frequent in John where Jesus is addressed by the word at 1:36–8, 49 by two disciples and by Nathanael. The evangelist explains that the Hebrew word means ‘teacher’, and in 3:2 Nicodemus calls Jesus a rabbi because he can perform ‘signs’. Members of the crowd call him rabbi after the feeding of the 5,000 (6:25). When Mary Magdalen encounters the risen Jesus, she first mistakes him for a gardener and calls him ‘sir’ (Greek, kurie) but when she recognizes Jesus he is Rabbouni, ‘my Teacher’ (20:16).
The use of the word in Mark and John conveys a suggestion of Jesus' public ministry and puts him on the same level as the scribes, with whom he debated (Mark 12:28).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • rabbi — rabbi …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • RABBI — Titre dérivé de l’hébreu rab (maître) et qui n’apparaît que dans les textes postbibliques. Signifiant littéralement «mon maître», il précède le nom d’une personne versée dans l’étude de la Loi. Le titre rabbi est fréquent dans le Nouveau… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rabbi — (s. ⇨ Ruw). 1. A fetter Ruw (Rabbiner) ün a mugerer Gallech (Pfaffe) taugen nit. (Jüd. deutsch. Warschau.) 2. Bi der Rewi esst nix Grünes, es muss belese sein. – Tendlau, 329. Spottweise vom Frömmler, besonders in Bezug auf den Umgang mit dem… …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Rabbi — Sm geistliche Autorität einer jüdischen Gemeinde per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. In bezug auf jiddische Verhältnisse häufig in der jiddischen Form Rebbe verwendet; sonst auch eingedeutscht zu Rabbiner. Ursprünglich Anrede für Lehrer… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Rabbi — Rab bi (r[a^]r b[imac] or r[a^]r b[i^]; 277), n.; pl. {Rabbis} (r[a^]r b[imac]z or r[a^]r b[i^]z) or {Rabbies}. [L., fr. Gr. rabbi , Heb. rab[=i] my master, from rab master, lord, teacher, akin to Ar. rabb.] Master; lord; teacher; a Jewish title… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rabbi — bezeichnet: als Ehrentitel einen jüdischen Gelehrten und Lehrer, s. Rabbi (Gelehrter) oder im Besonderen im Sinne eines Ehrentitels den Patriarchen Jehuda ha Nasi, daneben, aber weit weniger bekannt, im Besonderen Juda II. die Gemeinde Rabbi (TN) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rabbi — (n.) Jewish doctor of religious law, late 15c. (in Old English in biblical context only; in Middle English also as a title prefixed to personal names), from L.L. rabbi, from Gk. rhabbi, from Mishnaic Heb. rabbi my master, from rabh master, great… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Rabbi [2] — Rabbi, Rabbi Bad, Bad in Südtirol, im Val di R., (1900) 2653 E., 3 Eisensäuerlinge (jährl. 150.000 Flaschen) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • rabbi — s.m. [dall ebr. rabbī mio maestro ]. (relig.) [denominazione dei dottori della legge ebrei] ▶◀ rabbino …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Rabbi [1] — Rabbi (S. Bernardo), Dorf im Val di Sol im Tyroler Kreise Trient, liegt 3891 Fuß hoch; Sauerbrunnen, dem Selterswasser ähnlich, ist das berühmteste Bad Tyrols …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rabbi [2] — Rabbi (hebr.), so v.w. Meister, Lehrer, Vorgesetzter, ein alter Ehrentitel der jüdischen Gesetzlehrer; R. war mehr als Rab, u. Raban noch mehr als R. Auch waren verschiedene Stufen zur Rabbiwürde (Rabbinat); die erste wurde Bachur genannt, d. i.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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